NEET - National Eligibility cum Entrance Test
No to NEET in Tamil Nadu.
The presently existing method of selection by the government of Tamil Nadu and its procedure for making common merit ranking among applicants from different qualifying examinations and various boards based on the POLICY of “Statistical Normalization and Test Equating ” is based on the ACT 3 of 2007,Tamil Nadu.
The sub-clause 5 (i) of the said ACT stipulates a method and its mathematical illustration for the purpose of normalization.
This method was copied from admission procedures of BITS, Pilani which was discontinued by BITS from 2004.
During 2016, though the supreme court permitted states to admit students in Medical colleges through a common entrance test giving some weightage to +2 marks, Tamil Nadu followed its previous method to admit students using only the +2 marks.
Plenty of schools survive in Tamil Nadu as mark scoring factory, earning big money year after year.
The state government is to table a bill today in the assembly to exclude Tamil Nadu from the ambit of the national eligibility and entrance test (NEET).
Official sources said that after consulting the law department, the state decided to take the legislative route instead of fighting the case in the Supreme Court.
In 2016, the Supreme Court made mandatory – a common entrance examination for all medical admissions – undergraduate and postgraduate – across the country. Only central government institutions such as the All India Institute of Medical Sciences and PGI Chandigarh were exempted from the common entrance.
Some states such as Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra vehemently opposed the judgment and managed to get exemptions for state-run institutions and affiliated colleges for 2016.
“We don’t believe NEET in Tamil Nadu is the right way for us. Many of our students will be left out. We have readied a Bill and we will be moving it during this session,” Tamil Nadu has maintained.
The proposed legislation in effect means Tamil Nadu intends to make necessary statutory amendments for staying outside the ambit of NEET.
Since professional education is a subject which falls under the concurrent list, therefore, if the state takes the legislation route to make any amendments, it has to obtain prior assent from the President. Since this concerns medical education, besides the Union law ministry, the Union ministry of health and family welfare must vet it before recommending presidential assent.
The immediate example of the state government tinkering with a central law to suit its purpose is the state amendment to the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 in order to conduct Jallikattu. With the Centre’s help, Tamil Nadu was able to get the legislation cleared by relevant Union ministries and obtain presidential consent, all in a matter of two days.
The legislation against NEET in Tamil Nadu will allow the directorate of medical education to admit students into medical colleges based on class XII marks and the 69% reservation rule. In 2005, the state abolished entrance examinations for admissions to all professional courses by way of legislation. The state argued that it was in the interest of students, particularly those from rural areas and weaker sections, to ensure a level playing field.
Former chief minister J Jayalalithaa had written to Prime Minister that NEET in Tamil Nadu would be a direct infringement on the rights of the state and would cause grave injustice to students who have already been covered by a fair and transparent admission policy.
Fixing Standards of education is a Union subject. When there is no law on Union subject, the State laws on education will work. If the power in Union list is exercised and a Central government law is made on standards of admission in professional courses, the State has no role to fill the gap.
NEET related amendment already made in Medical Council of India (MCI) Act. The central law on Standards of admission cannot be amended for the State by making such ordinance as in the case of Jallikattu.
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